Лекции по курсу электричества - Физический факультет СПбГУ

Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет


Divisions and research

Nowadays, the Faculty of Physics includes 17 Research and Educational Divisions:

The main fields of the Faculty’s research activities include:

(a) Theoretical study of physical properties of elementary particles, atoms, molecules, liquids, and solids. Development of new methods and theories in physics of atomic, molecular and condensed systems. Physics in spaces with extra dimensions and non-commutative coordinates.

(b) Complex study of electronic and molecular phenomena in solids and at interfaces.

(c) Linear and nonlinear physical optics, holography and physics of lasers. Quantum optics and its applications in quantim informatics. Low-dimentional semiconductor lasers. Study of physical properties of substance and interaction processes in gases, liquids and plasma (including active media of optical quantum generators and planet's atmosphere).

(d) Study of nucleus structure and the mechanism of nuclear interactions.

(e) Experimental and theoretical studies of optical, electronic,and magnetic properties of nanostructures and non-linear processes in nano-objects. Development of neutron, X-ray, optical spectroscopy methods for investigation of nanocomposites.

(f) Study of molecular structure and physical properties of polymers and disperse systems. Study of liquid crystals, phase transitions and intermolecular interactions in condensed media.

(g) Study, modelling and monitoring of physical fields and processes in geospheres (atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere, hydrosphere, Earth’s crust, mantle, core).

(h) Theoretical and experimental study of electromagnetic radiation and wave propagation in different media, non-linear waves and processes. Fundamental problems of radiophysics in satellite navigation. Radiophysical methods for exploring near-the-Earth space.

They are described in detail in the corresponding sections on the Division’s web sites.

Our scientists carry out their research work in collaboration with leading scientific centers of our country, such as National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”S.I. Vavilov State Optical InstituteIoffe Physical-Technical InstituteInstitute of Macromolecular CompoundsB.P. Konstantinov Petersburg Nuclear Physics InstituteSt. Petersburg Department of V.A. Steklov Institute of Mathematics etc. The results of the investigations are continuously published in leading Russian and foreign scientific journals.

Research in natural sciences is, by tradition, very much international. This is also the case with our Faculty of Physics. To conduct their accelerator experiments, our physicists travel to CERN (Switzerland) and GSI/FAIR (Germany). The Faculty has long-time and productive collaboration with universities and research institutes in Germany, USA, Sweden, Finland, Spain, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy, UK, France, Poland, Republic, Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, China etc. Our teachers,scientists and studentsare constantly workingat foreign universitiesand researchcenters around the world. And, naturally, visiting researchers and graduate students come to our Faculty in the Peterhof campus from all around the world, attracted by the experts and the facilities that have achieved international prominence.


At graduate level, the Faculty offers the following degrees: Bachelor’s Degree (4 years of study), Master’s Degree (2 years of study). The Faculty offers also 4-yearpostgraduate programs leading to Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) degree in physico-mathematical sciences. Such a program can be undertaken in any research group. The Faculty offers three programs for undergraduate students: “Physics”, “Radiophysics”, and “Applied Physics and Mathematics”, and also two Master’s programs: “Physics and Applied Physics” and “Mathematics”.

We will be looking at mature individuals who have been able to optimally develop their unique talents during a flexible education al experience — at individuals who have learned how to learn, and who can apply their special aptitudes to the greater good. Our Faculty exists for students who seek forthat kind of education.


 During the 1746–47 academic year, M.V. Lomonosov, a graduate of the University, gave the first course of physics in Russian. He used a textbook by C. Wolff, which he translated into Russian. Valuable contributions to this science were made by Professor H.F.E. Lenz, who held the Chair of Physics from 1835 to 1862. Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction and the Joule–Lenz law of heating are now studied at the secondary school level.

In the second half of the XIXth century, one of the first physics laboratories for students in Europe was opened in the University by Professor F.F. Petrushevsky. He became the first director of the first Russian Institute of Physics established on September 9, 1901 at the St. Petersburg University. The institute occupied the first building in Russia constructed especially for physicists. Professor I.I. Borgman, the main enthusiast of the new Institute, became its second director. He was also among the first editors of the physics part of the “Journal of Russian Physical and Chemical Society” established at the St. Petersburg University in 1872. Since 1931, this journal has been being published in Moscow by the Russian Academy of Sciences; it is now well known under the title “The Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics” — JETP.

In 1914–15, the Institute was headed by Professor O.D. Khvolson, who’s textbooks, consisting of many volumes, was used by the whole generation of physics students. Since 1915, the Institute of Physics was headed by Professor (later — Academician) D.S. Rozhdestvensky who was well known due to his outstanding works in atomic spectroscopy, especially in experiments on anomaly dispersion. He made a great contribution to organize the high-class research work at the Department.

The Department of Physics was created in the Leningrad State University in 1933 after the division of the Department of Physics and Mathematics.In 1971–76 the Department of Physics was moved to the new campus in Peterhof (Petrodvorets) situated in 35 km on the southwest from St. Petersburg in a marvelous suburban area. In 1999, when world physical community celebrated centenary of the outstanding theoretician, Academician Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock (1898–1974), the Institute of Physics got its official name: V.A. Fock Institute of Physics.

 During a long period of time the Institute of Physics and the Department of Physics were separate structural units of the University, even though closely linked. They shared buildings, material and human resources and provided a superior highly integrated research and educational environment in physics. In 2007, the Institute of Physics was incorporated in the Department of Physics.

Nowadays, the Department of Physics includes six research institutes in its structure:

  • Institute of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics;

  • Institute of Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Methods of Research;

  • Institute of Physics of Solid State Materials and Nanostructures;

  • Institute of Molecular Biophysics and Physics of Polimers;

  • Institute of Optics and Spectroscopy;

  • Institute of Geosphere Modeling and Monitoring.

The names of such famous scientists as the Nobel Prize Winners N.N. Semenov (1956), L.D. Landau (1962), A.M. Prokhorov (1964), professors V.A. FockA.A. Friedmann, V.R. Bursian, P.I. Lukirsky, V.M. Chulanovsky,D.V. SkobeltsynYa.I. FrenkelE.F. Gross, S.E. Frish, A.N. Terenin, G.A. (George) GamovA.B. Migdal, V.N.Gribov, V.N. Tsvetkov, V.K. FréederickszV.A. AmbartsumyanK.Ya. KondratyevL.D. Faddeev, S.P. Merkuriev are connected with the Department of Physics.

English Pages



The Faculty of Physics
St. Petersburg State University


The Faculty of Physics of St. Petersburg State University has the structure which provides students with a solid educational basis and enables them to take part in fundamental high level research in line with modern standards. Practically all modern trends in physics, both experimental and theoretical, are presented in different divisions of the Faculty of Physics.

Administration and contact information



 Prof. Mikhail V. Kovalchuk

 Tel./fax:  +7 (812) 428-72-20

 Е-mail: m.kovalchuk@spbu.ru

 Vice Dean

 Sergey E. Gorchakov

 Tel./fax:  +7 (812) 428-72-20

 E-mail: s.e.gorchakov@spbu.ru

 Dean’s Assistant, Dean’s Office Secretary

 Tatiana G. Anderjanova

 Tel./fax  +7 (812) 428-72-00

 E-mail:  tgand@phys.spbu.ru

 Chairman of the Scientific Commission on Physics and Astronomy,  Head of the Division of Quantum Mechanics

 Prof. Vladimir M. Shabaev

 Tel.:  +7 (812) 428-45-52

 Fax:  +7 (812) 428-72-20

 E-mail: v.shabaev@spbu.ru

 Vice Dean for Education, Chairman of the Educational and and  Methodical  Commission of the Faculty of Physics

 Prof. Elena V. Aksenova

 Tel.:  +7 (812) 428-44-31

 Fax:  +7 (812) 428-72-20

 E-mail: e.naryshkina@spbu.ru

 Head of the Academic  Mobility Dept.
 (Mathematics, Mechanics,  Control Processes,  Physics,  Chemistry)

 Elena V. Serova

 Tel.:  +7 (812) 428-43-14       

 E-mail: inter@phys.spbu.ru

 Secretary of the Academic Council of the Faculty of Physics

 Tatiana Yu. Novozhilova

 Tel./fax:  +7 (812) 428-43-03

 E-mail:  t.novozhilova@spbu.ru


Surface mail address:
Faculty of Physics, St.Petersburg State University
Ulyanovskaya, 3
St.Petersburg 198504
Russian Federation

Admission of international applicants


  • Methods of Physics in Economic Modelling


    Methods of Physics in Economic Modelling

    The set of courses is designed as a backbone for a collaboration program between a new research group at the Physics Faculty and international financial institutions. Students should consider the program as an opportunity to widen their research horizons and to meet investment professionals who apply quantitative techniques to complex problems of contemporary financial management.

    The program contains modules on various subjects of general economics and finance, quantitative modeling techniques and practical aspects of investment and risk management as they are seen by the eyes of a physicist. Variety of theoretical and practical issues of contemporary financial markets is examined with methods of theoretical physics and practical relevance of the solutions is discussed. Special attention is paid to numerical methods and computational techniques. Exercises require certain programming skills as well as basic understanding of industry standards for application development.

    The program aims to bring together academic research and financial industry practitioners. It is supervised by Dr A Pokrovki (Physics Faculty, St Petersburg University) and Dr Kirill Ilinski (graduate of the Physics Faculty, author of the monograph “Physics of Finance”, and CEO of Fusion Asset Management LLP in London). Successful graduates will be offered an opportunity to apply for internships in major international financial institutions in London and Moscow with a reference and introduction from the program organizers.

    The program is set up mainly in self-study mode. Students acquire most of knowledge and skills reading textbooks and monographs and solving problems. List of covered topics and textbooks can be found here (URL). After studying a topic students are expected to pass a test on the subject. The tests are held on regular basis and present a good opportunity for a student to meet potential colleagues and employers. It is recommended to study topics according to their sequence in the plan, since proper understanding of complicated practicalities is difficult without strong command of fundamentals.

    Some of the modules are taught as lecture courses at the Physics Faculty by A.Pokrovski and his colleagues, normally two academic hours per week. Information about these is available here (URL). The lectures also serve as a venue for guest lectures of financial industry practitioners and provide a unique networking opportunity.

    In order to receive news by e-mailplease contact Alexis Pokrovski at pokrovsk@15398.spb.edu.

    Related info: 1) Academic plan 2) News, current courses etc.

  • Сonferences

Ответственный за содержание: специалист управления по связям с общественностью С. С. Смирнова, s.s.smirnova@spbu.ru